How to Use a DictionaryLesson OneWhy do we use a dictionary?A dictionary is a book which contains information about words. A dictionary contains an enormous amount of useful information that helps you in speaking, reading and writing. There are two kinds of dictionaries: monolingual and bilingual. Although bilingual dictionaries are required for translation purposes, students of foreign languages are advised to use monolingual ones.This topic tells you about the different types of information available in a dictionary. These pieces of information include: spelling, syllable division, stress, pronunciation, part of speech, meaning, and usage label. It should be mentioned that not every dictionary would provide every piece of information presented here altogether. In order to be familiar with the system of presentation of a dictionary, you should read its introduction very carefully. For example, look at the entry for the word "commence", shown below. When you look up a word in the dictionary, you will find information on:Spelling and Syllable Division: com.mencePronunciation and Stress: /kamens/Grammar: vtUsage: (formal)Meaning: begin (sth); startExample: Shall we — the ceremony ?<<<<<>>>>>I will also provide you with some practice exercises, which help you to develop certain skills. When you finish the practice exercises, you should know what a dictionary contains and how it can help you in your English studies. It should be stated that Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary and Oxford Elementary Dictionary are the basis for doing the exercises. The topic contains a section on each of the above-mentioned pieces of information. But first you must know how to find the entry you want. Entries are the words that are explained in a dictionary. For example, this is an entry for the word "apple":apple n 1 (a) round fruit with firm juicy flesh and green, red or yellow skin when ripe: an apple juice, apple sauce illus at fruit. (b) (also apple tree) tree bearing this fruit. 2 (idm) an/the apple of discord (fml) cause of an argument or a quarrel. the apple of sb's eye person or thing that is loved more than any other: She is the apple of her father eye. in apple-pie order very neatly arranged. q applecart n (idm) upset the/sb's applecart = upset. applejack n [U] (US) strong alcoholic drink distilled from fermented cider.Dictionaries provide different types of information about a given word. They do not use the same system of presenting different pieces of information about a given word. Thus, when using a dictionary, you should carefully read the information provided in the beginning or at the end of the dictionary tiltled "Guide to Using the Dictionary". It should be stated that Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary is the main basis throughout this book. Among many kinds of dictionaries available in different sizes and prints, the following are suggested:1. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary: It is written especially for students. It provides information about meanings, idioms, parts of speech, usages, pronunciations and spellings, and syllable divisions.