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Yes, 'but' can be followed by an infinitive without 'to', when 'but' means 'except', for example, 'We did nothing but read the book', or 'There is nothing to do but take a rest'.
You can say 'I can't (help) but laugh', instead of 'I can't help laughing'.
However, 'no choice/alternative' can be followed by the 'to'-infinitive, so you say 'I have no choice but to quit'.
You need to use the 'to'-infinitive when 'but' doesn't mean 'except', for instance, 'Our goal isn't to pass the quize, but to be fluent in English'.
By the way, some other words, such as 'and', 'or', 'except', 'than', 'as', or 'like', can be followed by an infinitive without 'to'. You can say 'It's easier to encourage others to do it than do it yourself' or 'You can do something useful like teach them English'.
You could make a sentence by using the pattern [but + (to) infinitive] in the comments!
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