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English Idioms - Looking for Synonyms IV

My dear firiends! Here I am again with five other expressions for you to guess. Again, you should replace a phrasal verb with a single word (that is neither a phrasal verb nor an idiom) without googling or looking up your dictionaries. I think it will be my last blog about idioms and next time I will think up something different for you. I will be glad to hear your ideas about  kind of tasks you would like to get. All your wishes will be taken into account.

And now, here are five other sentences.

1. Next month our company's president will step down and we will have to elect a new one.

2. Although John is said never to have cracked a book, he did manage to graduate from the college.

3. Not having been to the convention, my associate asked me to fill him in.

4. Jack set out to compete for the large scholarship grand.

5. This agreement is not drawn up correctly.

Good luck!

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Tags: idioms, synonyms

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Comment by Danny Clark on April 1, 2016 at 13:22

Dear Noas! I'd like to say a few words about No3. The expression "to fill in for sbd" really means to act as a substitute for someone when they are unable to do their job. If I had meant that, I would have given you the different example, something like this:

My associate couldn't go to the convention and asked me to fill in for him.

But my example was:

Not having been to the convention, my associate asked me to fill him in.

And it means that he was not at the convention and asked me to inform him what it had been about.

In any phrasal verb or idiom each word, even an article, not to say about prepositions, plays very significant role. As you see, we added one more preposition and the meaning changed. Is it clear now?

Comment by Danny Clark on April 1, 2016 at 13:10

Dear Noas! You shouldn't feel disappointed at all! There are so many idioms that nobody knows them all! My idea of these blogs is to teach you analyze idioms so that you can catch the general meaning of a sentence.

So, 2 and 5 are right and need no comments. I also accept "to brief" (No3) as the right answer. If fact, it is "to inform". But 4 is incorrect again. Dear, what has happend with your logic? OK, I will help a little. Let's consider the following example.

I've just set out working on my new article.

I think it means that I finished working on the previous article and send it to the Publishing House. Then I decided to write a new article and I turned on my computer, opened The Office and.......... What was my next action? It is so easy, dear!

Will you try 4 again, please?


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Comment by noaslpls on April 1, 2016 at 3:16

Hi Danny .... here I am again. I was so disappointed with my previous effort. I hope I will do better this time round.

2. Although John is said never to have cracked a book, he did manage to graduate from the college. - Although John is said never to have read, he did manage to graduate from the college.

3. Not having been to the convention, my associate asked me to fill him in. - Not having been to the convention, my associate asked me to brief him.  

I had to admit this one is very tricky for me because over here, when we say 'to fill him in' it means to replace the other person (as per my previous answer). Is it because we are using British English? But from your second explanation, it can mean something else (in this case, I use the word 'brief').

So, I am a bit confuse. 

4. Jack set out to compete for the large scholarship grand. - Jack determined to compete for the large scholarship grand.

5. This agreement is not drawn up correctly. - This agreement is not prepared correctly

Comment by Danny Clark on March 31, 2016 at 16:44

My dear SNR! Being a learner, you should have a lot of doubts in what you do. It is natural! We learn all our lives, but even being aged and experienced we are not sure in always being right. The most valuable is that you all are trying to reach your goals and your desires and thirst for knowledge give us, teachers, great inspiration. Thank you!

About your answers.

1 is right. The other synonym is "to retire"

2 needs no commments!

3 is right, but it is a verb.

4. Jack not only ready, but also undertook some actions. So, how to express such mind using only one word? It is also so  easy! Let me give you one more example:

I've just set out working on my new article.

is correct in fact, but try to find another word answering my question:

what will you do if you have to take an exam tomorrow and you would like to pass it and to get ready for it?

Will you try again, please?

Comment by Danny Clark on March 31, 2016 at 13:02

My dear Setareh! Now 3, 4 and 5 are absolutely right. Your comparison in 4 is also right. We can use "set out" insted of "leave for". For example, my wife set out to another state today.

Now about 3. Your previous answer was right, but "to finish" was not correct as a synonym. Sure, we crash nuts to get the kernels. So if we crach books, we know what they are about. So, what do we usually do with all books? (One word only!) It is just a piece of cake!

Comment by setareh on March 31, 2016 at 12:19
Dear Danny, thanks for your explanation. Let me give it another try.
2. Start reading a book
3.inform
4.start, like set out a journey
5. To prepare.
Comment by Danny Clark on March 31, 2016 at 11:23

Hi, dear Barbare! First, thanks for the ideas about my future blogs! I will think them over for sure!

Now, about your task. All your answers are right or almost right. 1, 2 and 4 need no comments.

3. "To give information" is right, but you need only one word and this verb is...."to inform", of course! As to your question, yes, "to fill in" really means "to give information", but not necessarily in a written form. I doubt that any of my colleagues will ever tell me about any meeting in a written form! It would be funny, right? If we mean only a written form, we say "to fill out", OK? We use "to fill out" speaking about different forms, applications, etc.

5 is correct in fact, but try to find another word answering my question:

what will you do if you have to take an exam tomorrow and you would like to pass it and to get ready for it?

Will you try again, please?

Comment by Danny Clark on March 31, 2016 at 11:08

Dear Setareh! Here is my analysis of your answers.

1 is correct, but only "to retire". The other synonym is "to resign". This phrasal verb doesn't mean "to be laid off/dismissed/fired", OK?

2 is very close, but "to finish" is not the right synonym. When we buy a book, what do we usually do with it? Sure, you can use it as a tray for your cup, but we are supposed to do something different. It is so easy!

3. Just imagine, you are a good student but you missed a lecture. Sure, you would like to know that it was about. So, you ask your friend and he tells you. My prompting question is:how can we call your friend's actions using the only one word?

4. 

Jack not only decided, but also undertook some actions. So, how to express such mind using only one word? It is also so  easy! Let me give you one more example:

I've just set out working on my new article.

5. You understand the idea. But try to answer my prompting question: what will you do if you have to take an exam tomorrow and you would like to pass it and to get ready for it?

Will you try again, please?

Comment by setareh on March 30, 2016 at 18:18

Hello, I hope you are doing great.

1. Retire or get lay off

2. have finished a book

3.TO arrange an appointment

4. decide

5. It is not planed or arranged.

Comment by Danny Clark on March 30, 2016 at 17:21

Well, Mishaikh! "apprise" is correct but I meant "inform" that is more usual. So, you have got along in this task and thank you very much for taking part!

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