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Well, when I am up to something, I usually realize my ideas. So, here we are with one more piece of English grammar.
Speaking about our everyday life, business, science and many other things, we often want to make a statement about TWO people, ideas, options at the same time or to connect two alternatives in one sentence. Fortunately, we don’t have to reinvent a wheel as we have all necessary ” tools” in English grammar. These are words NEITHER/EITHER. Let’s start with EITHER.
EITHER means one or the other of the two or each of the two.
You may sit at either end of the table.
There are trees on either side of the river.
Either of us is able to answer your questions. (I mean my hubby and me).
NEITHER is negative. It means not the one or the other of the two. We seem to use it more often.
In formal English, we use it with a singular noun as a subject.
Neither parent came to the meeting.
Neither dress was good for that occasion. (She had only two dresses).
However, we may use NEITHER OF + a plural noun with some attribute like an article, possessive pronoun, etc.
Neither of our (two) friends agreed to come.
Neither of us knows what to do.
Now, let’s see how to use these words in other cases.
First of all, we often use these words in a dialogue replying to a negative statement.
A: I haven’t eaten today.
B: I haven’t, either.
B: Neither have I.
Now, if I want to say the same using only one sentence (like in the reported speech) I would say:
I knew he hadn’t eaten that day and neither had I.
I knew he hadn’t eaten that day and I hadn’t, either.
Let me say that the first sounds more natural for me although I am not a native speaker. However, I have been living among them for many years.
Now, let’s see how to use NEITHER… NOR…
The rules are the same as for NOT ONLY… BUT ALSO…. But, please, pay your attention to the following rule.
If you use this construction as a noun, a verb must be in the same person and number as the last noun or pronoun:
Neither he nor I am going to take a rest.
Now, let’s see how to use the inversion and to make your sentence more emotional. We also use it after the negative clause speaking about the same person.
I don’t know him neither do I want to!
He hadn’t done any homework neither had he brought any of his books to class.
And now, I will ask you to write something using these expressions. It may be a short story, a dialogue, a news report or some poetry or anything you like.
If you still have any questions about this grammar, please ask before writing, OK?
Either I or Dan will correct your writing and explain your mistakes.
Ready to start a new challenge?! It is for you not to be bored! Hahaha!
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