In English there are many verbs that we get confused with.Some of those confusing verbs are :
-" Been " and " gone" :
The past participle of go is gone ,but when we want to imply that somebody has not only gone to a place but left it as well , we use been as a past participle.
-He has gone to New York .( He is there now )
-He has been to New York .( He was there but is not there now )
-She had already gone to the party when I called her. (She was at the party when I called)
- She had already been to the party when I called her. (She had returned from the party when I called her )
-" Reach " and " arrive " :
Reach must have an object : - We reached London in the morning.
Arrive cannot have an object : - We arrived in the morning . " or ":
- We arrived in London in the morning .
The word" there" can be used with reach and arrive :
We reached there in the morning .
We arrived there in the morning .
-" Say " and " Tell " :
Rather than learn difficult and unreliable rules for the use of these two verbs ,it's better to put the following examples to memory :
Say : - He said nothing .
- He said a few words to me .
-He said to me ,"Pass me the book ."
Tell : -He told the truth to the lawyer .
-He told him the truth .
-He told me the whole story .
- He told me to pass the book to him .
Additional Examples :
1- He ( said / told )to me ," We can't leave tomorrow ."
2-The bus ( arrived / reached ) my village at 5 in the evening.
3-He ( arrived / reached ) earlier than I did .
4-Although I speak English fluently ,I have never ( gone / been ) to England .
5-I (said /told ) him to give me the note .
Thank you for reading !
- Hala -