The present continuous tense
We use the present continuous "progressive" tense :
1-To talk about activities that are going at the time of speaking:
-My friend is waiting for me ,I have to go now .
- Look! It is raining.
2-To talk about activities that happen regularly but for a limited period of time
" Temporary action":
- I'm learning to drive .
-He is writing an article .
3-To talk about future events that we have already fixed or arranged:
-We are flying to Canada tomorrow ." we have got the tickets"
-He is taking examination next week. " Fixed time"
Present form of" Be" am - is - are + ....ing
We can use the following time adverbials with the present continuous:
now - at the moment - at present...etc.
Difference Between Simple Present Tense and Present Continuous Tense :
The tense we use depends on how we see the state or action.
- I read British newspapers. " I regularly do it ...routine"
- I'm reading a British newspaper. " I'm doing it at the moment"
So we use the simple present to talk about things which are permanent or long -lasting ,and we use the present continuous to talk about things which are temporary or limited in time.
Exercise - A-
Choose the correct tense of the verb between brackets :
1- At present , many scientists ( are looking - look ) for forms of life beyond the Earth.
2- He usually ( is driving - drives ) very carefully ,but today he ( drives - is driving ) fast.
3- She ( learns - is learning ) Russian now .
4-Excuse me ,you ( sit - are sitting ) in my seat.
5- George ( is listening - listens ) to the radio ,so don't disturb him.
Exercise- B -
Give only two sentences using the present continuonus tense in Negative " not" and two in Question forms.
Waiting for your answers as comments
Thank you all
- Hala -