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Yes, I'm talking about 'participle clauses'. Don't confuse 'participle' with 'particle', though - participle is the form of a verb that ends with '-ed' or '-ing'.
Adjectival participle clauses are like relative clauses, for example, "Anyone trying to move the stone will get injured." (= Anyone who tries/is trying to move the stone will get injured.)
What I really want to convey, however, is that 'adjectival participle clauses can only be used to talk about actions that happen the same time as the main verb'. That is, participles can't be used when there is a time difference - perfect participles (having left, having lost, etc) are never possible in adjectival clauses.
So, you can say "Do you know the members who have just left MyEC?", but not "...the members having left...".
'Being' is not used in adjectival clauses either, except in passive verb constructions. You say 'the members being banned won't be welcomed back' - you don't say 'the members being active should help add comments on the blogs'.
In adverbial clauses, on the other hand, perfect participles can be used, and 'being' can be used in an active sense, for instance, "Having learned English for such a long time, I can understand it very well.", "Being an active member here, I'm supposed to leave a comment on the blog."
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